|1936 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2689|
|Balinese saka calendar||1857–1858|
|British Regnal year||26 Geo. 5 – 1 Edw. 8 – 1 Geo. 6|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)|
4632 or 4572
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4633 or 4573
|- Vikram Samvat||1992–1993|
|- Shaka Samvat||1857–1858|
|- Kali Yuga||5036–5037|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 11|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 25|
|Thai solar calendar||2478–2479|
2062 or 1681 or 909
— to —
2063 or 1682 or 910
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1936.|
1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.
- January 4
- January 20 – On the death of King George V of the United Kingdom, his eldest son succeeds to the throne as King Edward VIII. The title Prince of Wales is not used for another 22 years.
- January 28 – An article "Muddle Instead of Music" is published anonymously in the Soviet newspaper Pravda, denouncing Dmitri Shostakovich's opera Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District.
- January 31 – The Green Hornet radio show debuts in Detroit, Michigan.
- February – John Maynard Keynes's book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money is published in the UK.
- February 4 – Radium E (bismuth-210) becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
- February 5 – Japanese Baseball League, the first professional baseball league in Asia, is founded (as predecessor of Nippon Professional Baseball).
- February 6
- February 10–19 – Second Italo-Ethiopian War: Battle of Amba Aradam – Italian forces gain a decisive tactical victory, effectively neutralizing the army of the Ethiopian Empire.
- February 16 – 1936 Spanish general election: The left-wing Popular Front coalition takes a majority.
- February 17
- February 26 – February 26 Incident (二・二六事件, Niniroku Jiken): The Imperial Way Faction engineers a failed coup against the Japanese government; some politicians are killed.
- February 29 – Emperor Hirohito orders the Japanese army to arrest 123 conspirators in Tokyo government offices; 19 of them are executed in July.
- March 1 – Construction of Hoover Dam is completed in the United States.
- March 7 – In violation of the Treaty of Versailles and Locarno Treaties, Nazi Germany reoccupies the Rhineland. Hitler and other Nazis later admit that the French army alone could have destroyed the Wehrmacht.
- March 9 – Pro-democratic militarist Keisuke Okada steps down as Prime Minister of Japan, and is replaced by radical militarist Kōki Hirota.
- March 15 – Austrian ski jumper Josef Bradl set the world record at 101.5 metres (333 ft) on Bloudkova velikanka hill in Planica and became the first man in history, to stand jump over one hundred metres.
- March 17–18 – Pittsburgh Flood of 1936 ("Saint Patrick's Day Flood"): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, suffers the worst flooding in its history.
- March 26 – The longest game in the history of the National Hockey League is played, when the Montreal Maroons and Detroit Red Wings go scoreless until 16 and a half minutes into the sixth OT, when Mud Bruneteau ends it at 2:25 in the morning.
- April 3 – Richard Hauptmann, convicted of the Lindbergh kidnapping and murder in 1932, is executed by electrocution in New Jersey State Prison.
- April 5 – A tornado hits Tupelo, Mississippi, killing 216 and injuring over 700 (the 4th deadliest tornado in U.S. history).
- April 6 – Two tornadoes strike Gainesville, Georgia. The smaller tornado hits north Gainesville, the stronger tornado the west side of town; 203 die and 1,600 are injured, in the 5th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
- April 11 – Billy Butlin opens his first Butlins holiday camp, Butlins Skegness, in Skegness (Ingoldmells), Lincolnshire, England. It is officially opened by Amy Johnson of Hull (the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia).
- April 15 – The Tulkarm shooting begins the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine against the British government, and opposition to Jewish immigration.
- May 2 – Peter and the Wolf, a Russian fairy tale of Sergei Prokofiev's composition, debuts at the Nezlobin Theater in Moscow, Soviet Union.
- May 5 – March of the Iron Will: Italian forces occupy Addis Ababa unopposed.
- May 7 – Italy annexes Ethiopia.
- May 9 – Italian East Africa is formed from the Italian territories of Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Italian Somaliland.
- May 12 – The Santa Fe railroad in the United States inaugurates the all-Pullman Super Chief passenger train, between Chicago and Los Angeles.
- May 25 – The Remington Rand strike of 1936–37 begins, spawning the notorious Mohawk Valley formula, a corporate plan for strikebreaking.
- May 27
- May 28 – Alan Turing submits his paper "On Computable Numbers" to the London Mathematical Society for publication, introducing the concept of the Turing machine. It is formally published on November 12.
- June 7
- June 10 – Margaret Mitchell's epic historical romance Gone with the Wind is first published in the United States.
- June 15 – An army ammunition depot explosion kills 63 in Männiku, Estonia.
- June 19 – Max Schmeling knocks out Joe Louis in the 12th round of their heavyweight boxing match, at Yankee Stadium in New York City.
- June 19 – Per Albin Hansson resigns as Prime Minister of Sweden, over the issue of defence policy. He is replaced by the leader of the Farmer's League (Bondeförbundet) Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp, who also becomes Minister of Agriculture.
- June 19 – The total solar eclipse of June 19, 1936 is visible in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Japan. It is part of Solar Saros 126; Gamma is a value of 0.53889.
- June 26 – Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first fully controllable helicopter, makes its maiden flight.
- June 29 – The United States Maritime Commission is formed.
- July 4 – First publication recognizing stress as a biological condition.
- July 11 – The Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic (the bridge is renamed Robert F. Kennedy Bridge in 2008).
- July 13–14 – Peak of July 1936 heat wave: The U.S. states of Wisconsin, Michigan, and Indiana all set new state records for high temperature. At Mio in northern Michigan, it soars to 113 °F (45 °C).
- July 17 – The Spanish Army of Africa launches a coup d'état against the Second Spanish Republic, beginning the Spanish Civil War.
- July 20 – The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits is signed in Montreux, allowing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime.
- August 1 – The 1936 Summer Olympics open in Berlin, Germany, and mark the first live television coverage of an international sports event in world history (John Logie Baird had previously broadcast the Derby horse race in Britain in 1931).
- August 3 – 1936 Summer Olympics: African-American athlete Jesse Owens wins the 100-meter dash.
- August 4 – A self-coup is staged by Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas, marking the beginning of the authoritarian 4th of August Regime, which will rule Greece until the Axis occupation of Greece in 1941.
- August 14
- August 19 – The first of the Moscow Trials begins in the Soviet Union.
- August 26 – The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 is signed.
- August 30
- September 4–5 – English-born aviator Beryl Markham becomes the first woman to make an east-to-west solo transatlantic flight, from Abingdon-on-Thames, England, to Baleine, Nova Scotia.
- September 5 – Spanish Civil War: Robert Capa's photograph The Falling Soldier is taken.
- September 7 – The last known thylacine ("Tasmanian tiger"), named Benjamin, dies in Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
- September 9
- 1936 Naval Revolt (Portugal): The crews of Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque and destroyer Dão mutiny while anchored in Lisbon Harbour. Opposed to the Salazar dictatorship's support of General Franco's coup in Spain, they declare their solidarity with the Spanish Republic.
- The Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence is signed.
- September 10 – The first World Speedway Championship is held at Wembley Stadium in London, England. It is won by Australian Lionel Van Praag, with Englishman Eric Langton second and Australian Bluey Wilkinson third.
- September 12 – The Walt Disney animated short Donald and Pluto is released. It is the only installment of the Mickey Mouse series where Mickey Mouse does not appear.
- September 13, in response to a polio outbreak, Chicago Public Schools launches a distance education program which constitutes the first large-scale use of radio broadcasts to facilitate distance education
- September 14 – Raoul Villain, assassin of French Socialist Jean Jaures, is himself killed by Spanish Republicans in Ibiza.
- September 28 – After the election to the Swedish Riksdag's second chamber, Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp and his "Holiday Cabinet" ("Semesterregeringen") resign (though he remains as Minister of Agriculture) and Per Albin Hansson returns as Prime Minister, staying in office until his death from a heart attack in 1946.
- October 11 – Earl Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and builds Mississippi's first permanent rodeo arena at Columbia, Mississippi.
- October 19 – H.R. Ekins, reporter for the New York World-Telegram, wins a race to travel around the world on commercial airline flights, beating Dorothy Kilgallen of the New York Journal and Leo Kieran of The New York Times. The flight takes 181⁄2 days.
- October 25 – The Rome-Berlin Axis is formed.
- October 29 – The historic Uptown Theater (Washington, D.C.) opens.
- November 2
- November 3 – U.S. presidential election, 1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to a second term, in a landslide victory over Kansas Governor Alf Landon; farmers support Roosevelt.
- November 9 – American fashion designer Ruth Harkness encounters and captures a nine-week-old panda cub in Sichuan, China; it becomes the first live giant panda to enter the United States.
- November 12 – In California, the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
- November 20 – A levee failure and continued massive rain at the Mitsubishi Osarizawa mine, Kazuno, northeastern Akita, Japan, results in at least 375 deaths.
- November 23 – Cover date of the first issue of Life, a weekly news magazine launched in the United States under the management of Henry Luce.
- November 25 – The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Germany and Japan.
- November 30 – A spectacular fire destroys The Crystal Palace in London, originally built for the 1851 Great Exhibition.
- December 1 – Hitler mandates that all German boys aged 10 to 18 join the Hitler Youth paramilitary organization.
- December 3 – Radio station WQXR is officially founded in New York City.
- December 5 – The 1936 Soviet Constitution, promulgated by Stalin, is adopted in the Soviet Union. The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic is dissolved, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia become full Republics of the Soviet Union.
- December 7
- December 10 – Edward VIII abdication crisis: King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom signs an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere, Surrey in the presence of his three brothers, The Duke of York, The Duke of Gloucester and The Duke of Kent.
- December 11
- Edward VIII abdication crisis: The British Parliament passes His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 on behalf of the U.K., Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. The King performs his last act as sovereign by giving Royal Assent to the Act, and his brother Prince Albert, Duke of York, becomes King, reigning as King George VI.
- The abdicated King Edward VIII, now HRH Prince Edward, makes a broadcast to the nation explaining his decision to abdicate. He leaves the country for Austria.
- Taking the opportunity to free itself further from ties to the United Kingdom, the Oireachtas of the Irish Free State passes the Constitution (Amendment No. 27) Act 1936, removing most powers from the office of Governor-General of the Irish Free State, and the Executive Authority (External Relations) Act 1936 (signed into law December 12), assenting to the abdication and restricting the power of the monarch in relation to Ireland to international affairs.
- December 12 – Xi'an Incident: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China is kidnapped by Marshal Zhang Xueliang.
- December 23 – Colombia signs the Buenos Aires Copyright Treaty.
- December 24 – The first filmed Russian opera, Natalka Poltavka, is released in Ukraine.
- December 26 – The Abraham Lincoln Brigade sails from New York City on its way to the Spanish Civil War.
- December 30 – The United Auto Workers begins the Flint Sit-Down Strike in Flint, Michigan.
- West China Famine: An estimated five million people die.
- The YMCA Youth and Government program is founded in Albany, New York.
- Nestlé introduce the white chocolate Milkybar (called Galak in Continental Europe and elsewhere).
- Cocoa production in the Gold Coast reaches 305,000 tons.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 2 – Roger Miller, American singer, songwriter, musician and actor (d. 1992)
- January 6
- January 8 – Robert May, Australian scientist (d. 2020)
- January 10
- January 11 – Eva Hesse, American artist (d. 1970)
- January 12 – Émile Lahoud, 15th President of Lebanon
- January 13 – Renato Bruson, Italian baritone
- January 14 – Reiner Klimke, German equestrian (d. 1999)
- January 18 – Christiane Martel, French actress, beauty queen and second Miss Universe winner
- January 19
- January 22
- January 25 – Diana Hyland, American actress (d. 1977)
- January 27
- January 28
- February 3 – Bob Simpson, Australian cricketer
- February 4 – David Brenner, American actor and comedian (d. 2014)
- February 6
- February 9 – Clive Swift, British actor (d. 2019)
- February 11 – Burt Reynolds, American actor, director and producer (d. 2018)
- February 14 – Anna German, Polish singer (d. 1982)
- February 16 – Carl Icahn, American businessman, investor and philanthropist
- February 17 – Jim Brown, African-American football player and actor
- February 20
- February 21 – Barbara Jordan, African-American lawyer, educator, politician and civil rights activist (d. 1996)
- February 24 — Carol D'Onofrio, American public health researcher (d. 2020)
- February 26 – Adem Demaçi, Albanian politician, writer (d. 2018)
- February 27 – Ron Barassi, Australian footballer
- February 29
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6
- March 7
- March 9 – Mickey Gilley, American country singer
- March 10 – Sepp Blatter, Swiss sports administrator, president of FIFA
- March 11
- Harald zur Hausen, German virologist
- Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 2016)
- March 13 – Mónica Miguel, Mexican actress, director and singer (d. 2020)
- March 17 – Ken Mattingly, American astronaut
- March 18 – F. W. de Klerk, 7th and last State President of South Africa (d. 2021)
- March 19
- March 20 – Lee "Scratch" Perry, Jamaican musician (d. 2021)
- March 21 – Seyyed Mehdi Tabatabaei, Iranian politician (d. 2018)
- March 22 – Roger Whittaker, Kenyan-born British singer-songwriter
- March 27 – Banwari Lal Joshi, Indian politician (d. 2017)
- March 28
- April 1 – Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, 2-time President of Switzerland (d. 1998)
- April 7 – Princess Elizabeth of Yugoslavia, Yugoslav princess, Serbian princess, Serbian presidential candidate
- April 9
- April 10 – John Madden, American football player, coach and sportscaster
- April 12 – Charles Napier, American character actor (d. 2011)
- April 13 – Choi In-hun, South Korean writer (d. 2018)
- April 14 – Dilbagh Singh Kler, Malaysian Olympic athlete (d. 2012)
- April 15
- April 17 – Jiří Grygar, Czech astronomer
- April 20 – Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz (d. 1989)
- April 22 – Glen Campbell, American singer and actor (d. 2017)
- April 23 – Roy Orbison, American singer, songwriter (Pretty Woman) (d. 1988)
- April 24
- April 28 – Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician (d. 2015)
- April 29
- May 1 – Danièle Huillet, French filmmaker (d. 2006)
- May 2
- May 4 – El Cordobés, Spanish matador
- May 5 – Trần Đức Lương, 5th President of Vietnam
- May 7 – Jimmy Ruffin, African-American singer (d. 2014)
- May 9
- May 12
- May 13 – Rafael Campos, Dominican actor (d. 1985)
- May 14 – Bobby Darin, American singer (d. 1973)
- May 16
- May 17 – Dennis Hopper, American actor and director (d. 2010)
- May 20
- May 21 – Günter Blobel, Polish-American biologist, academic and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
- May 23 – Charles Kimbrough, American actor
- May 25 – Tom T. Hall, American country singer-songwriter (d. 2021)
- May 27 – Louis Gossett Jr., African-American actor
- June 2 – Volodymyr Holubnychy, Soviet Olympic athlete (d. 2021)
- June 3 – Colin Meads, New Zealand rugby union player (d. 2017)
- June 4
- June 8
- June 15 – William Levada, American cardinal (d. 2019)
- June 17 – Ken Loach, British film director
- June 18
- June 19 – Takeshi Aono, Japanese actor (d. 2012)
- June 22
- June 23 – Costas Simitis, Greek politician, 78th Prime Minister of Greece
- June 25 – B. J. Habibie, Indonesian politician, 3rd President of Indonesia (d. 2019)
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Leon O. Chua, American electrical engineer and computer scientist
- June 29
- June 30 – Assia Djebar, Algerian writer (d. 2015)
- July 1
- July 5
- July 7
- July 8 – Johan Du Preez, Rhodesian-Zimbabwean sprinter
- July 14 – Marisa Allasio, Italian actress
- July 16
- July 18 – Ted Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
- July 24 - Ruth Buzzi, American actress
- July 25 - Mary Ann Wilson, Registered Nurse and TV Fitness Instructor
- July 26 – R. Neelakantan, Indian actor (d. 2018)
- July 30
- August 1
- August 4 – Joaquim Roriz, Brazilian politician (d. 2018)
- August 12
- August 17 – Margaret Hamilton, American computer scientist, systems engineer, and business owner
- August 18
- August 21
- Wilt Chamberlain, African-American basketball player (d. 1999)
- Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia, (d. 2008)
- August 23 – Rudy Lewis, American rhythm and blues singer (d. 1964)
- August 25 – Giridharilal Kedia, Indian former Working President of KVK (d. 2009)
- August 26 – Benedict Anderson, American academic (d. 2015)
- August 27 – Lien Chan, Taiwanese politician
- August 28 – Bert Schneider, Austrian road racer (d. 2009)
- August 29 – John McCain, American politician, U.S. Senator (R-Az.) (d. 2018)
- August 31
- September 1 – Valery Legasov, Soviet inorganic chemist (d. 1988)
- September 2 – Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American businessman, engineer and author (d. 2016)
- September 3 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 2nd President of Tunisia (d. 2019)
- September 4
- September 7
- September 14 – Walter Koenig, American actor (Star Trek: The Original Series)
- September 15 – Ashley Cooper, Australian tennis player (d. 2020)
- September 19 – Al Oerter, American Olympic athlete (d. 2007)
- September 21 – Yury Luzhkov, mayor of Moscow (d. 2019)
- September 23 – Valentín Paniagua, President of Perú (d. 2006)
- September 24 – Jim Henson, American puppeteer, filmmaker, and television producer (The Muppets) (d. 1990)
- September 25
- September 26 – Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 2018)
- September 27
- September 28
- September 29 – Silvio Berlusconi, 50th Prime Minister of Italy, media entrepreneur
- October 1 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
- October 3 – Steve Reich, American composer
- October 5 – Václav Havel, Czech playwright, writer and politician, 10th President of Czechoslovakia and 1st President of the Czech Republic (d. 2011)
- October 6 – Lin Yu-lin, Taiwanese billionaire real estate developer (d. 2018)
- October 7 – Fereydoun Farrokhzad, Iranian entertainer (d. 1992)
- October 8 – Rogelio Guerra, Mexican actor (d. 2018)
- October 9 – Brian Blessed, English actor
- October 10 – Gerhard Ertl, German physicist, Nobel laureate
- October 13
- October 17 – Bert Nievera, Filipino-American singer (d. 2018)
- October 18 – Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal (d. 2019)
- October 22 – Bobby Seale, American political activist
- October 24 – Bill Wyman, British musician
- October 25 – Masako Nozawa, Japanese actress and voice actress
- October 26
- October 28 – Charlie Daniels, American country singer, and songwriter (d. 2020)
- October 30 – Polina Astakhova, Soviet artistic gymnast (d. 2005)
- October 31 – Michael Landon, American actor, director, producer and writer (d. 1991)
- November 3 – Roy Emerson, Australian tennis player
- November 4 – Didier Ratsiraka, 3rd President of Madagascar (d. 2021)
- November 5
- November 8 – Virna Lisi, Italian actress (d. 2014)
- November 9
- November 11 – Susan Kohner, American actress
- November 17
- November 18 – Don Cherry, African-American jazz trumpeter (d. 1995)
- November 19 – Dick Cavett, American talk show host, television personality
- November 20 – Don DeLillo, American author
- November 22 – John Bird, British satirist, actor and comedian
- November 23
- November 30 – Abbie Hoffman, American political and social activist (d. 1989)
- December 4 – Freddy Cannon, American singer
- December 5 – James Lee Burke, American author
- December 7 – Martha Layne Collins, American businesswoman and politician
- December 8 – David Carradine, American actor, director and martial artist (d. 2009)
- December 9 – A. B. Yehoshua, Israeli writer
- December 11 – Hans van den Broek, Dutch politician and diplomat
- December 12
- December 14 – Robert A. Parker, American physicist, astronomer, and astronaut
- December 17
- December 20 – Niki Bettendorf, Luxembourgian politician (d. 2018)
- December 21 – Barbara Roberts, American politician
- December 22 – Héctor Elizondo, American actor
- December 23 – Frederic Forrest, American actor
- December 25
- December 27 – Alex Miller, Australian novelist
- December 29
- December 31 – Siw Malmkvist, Swedish singer
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1 – Harry B. Smith, American composer (b. 1860)
- January 5 – Ramón del Valle-Inclán, Spanish writer (b. 1866)
- January 6 – Louise Bryant, American journalist (b. 1885)
- January 9 – John Gilbert, American actor (b. 1897)
- January 15
- January 16 – Albert Fish, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1870)
- January 18 – Rudyard Kipling, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
- January 20 – King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
- January 23 – John Mills, Jr., "Mills Brothers" basso, guitarist (b. 1911)
- January 24
- January 28 – Richard Loeb, American murderer (b. 1905)
- February 3 – Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
- February 4 – Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi Party (b. 1895)
- February 8 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States (b. 1860)
- February 19 – Billy Mitchell, American general, military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
- February 20
- February 23 – William Adamson, British Labour politician (b. 1863)
- February 26 – in the "February 26 Incident":
- February 27
- February 28 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)
- March 9 – Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri, Indian monk and yogi (b. 1855)
- March 12
- March 13 – Sir Francis Bell, 20th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1851)
- March 16
- March 18 – Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek statesman, several times Prime Minister (b. 1864)
- March 20 – Herman P. Faris, American temperance movement leader (b. 1858)
- March 21 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer, conductor (b. 1865)
- March 23 – Oscar Asche, Australian actor (b. 1871)
- March 28 – Sir Archibald Garrod, English physician (b. 1857)
- March 29 – Eugène Marais, South African lawyer, naturalist, poet and writer (b. 1871)
- April 2 – Alberico Albricci, Italian general (b. 1864)
- April 3 – Richard Hauptmann, German killer of Charles Lindbergh, Jr. (executed) (b. 1899)
- April 6 – Edmund Breese, American actor (b. 1871)
- April 7 – Marilyn Miller, American actress (b. 1898)
- April 8 – Róbert Bárány, Austrian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1876)
- April 9 – Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist, economist and philosopher (b. 1855)
- April 18 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer, musicologist, and conductor (b. 1879)
- April 23 – Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (b. 1889)
- April 24 – Henry O'Malley, American fish culturist, United States Commissioner of Fisheries (b. 1876)
- April 26 – Tammany Young, American actor (b. 1886)
- April 27 – Karl Pearson, English statistician (b. 1857)
- April 28 – King Fuad I of Egypt (b. 1868)
- April 30 – A. E. Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
- May 2 – Ivan Alexandrov, Russian engineer (b. 1875)
- May 3 – Kikunae Ikeda, Japanese chemist (b, 1864)
- May 4 – Ludwig von Falkenhausen, German general (b. 1844)
- May 5 – Marianne Hainisch, Austrian women's rights activist (b. 1839)
- May 8 – Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (b. 1880)
- May 12 - Hu Hanmin, Chinese politician (b. 1879)
- May 14 – Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, British soldier, administrator (b. 1861)
- May 16 – Leonidas Paraskevopoulos, Greek general, senator (b. 1860)
- May 17 – Panagis Tsaldaris, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1868)
- May 20 – Elmer Fowler Stone, American aviator, first United States Coast Guard aviator (b. 1887)
- May 24 – Khaz'al Khan Ibn Haji Jabir Khan, Iranian emir (b. 1863)
- May 29 – Norman Chaney, American actor (b. 1914)
- June 3 – Walther Wever, German general, Luftwaffe commander (b. 1887)
- June 11 – Robert E. Howard, American author (suicide) (b. 1906)
- June 12 – Karl Krays, Austrian writer, journalist (b. 1874)
- June 14 – G. K. Chesterton, English author (b. 1874)
- June 17 – Henry B. Walthall, American actor (b. 1878)
- June 18
- June 19 – Sir William Hall-Jones, English-New Zealand politician, 16th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1851)
- June 22
- June 28 – Alexander Berkman, Russian anarchist (b. 1870)
- July 1 – Hovhannes Abelian, Armenian actor (b. 1865)
- July 8 – Thomas Meighan, American actor (b. 1879)
- July 9 – Auguste Adib Pacha, two-time Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1859)
- July 11 – James Murray, American actor (b. 1901)
- July 13 – José Calvo Sotelo, Spanish politician (b. 1893)
- July 16 – Alan Crosland, American film director (b. 1894)
- July 20 – José Sanjurjo, Spanish general (b. 1872)
- July 24
- July 25 – Heinrich Rickert, German philosopher (b. 1863)
- August 1 – Louis Blériot, French aviation pioneer (b. 1872)
- August 9 – Lincoln Steffens, American journalist (b. 1866)
- August 12
- August 15 – Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
- August 19
- August 22 – José María Hinojosa, Spanish poet (assassinated) (b. 1904)
- August 23 – Julio Ruiz de Alda, Spanish aviator, Falangist politician (executed) (b. 1897)
- August 25
- September 6 – Víctor Pradera Larumbe, Spanish political theorist (executed) (b. 1872)
- September 7 – Kenneth Balfour, British Conservative Party politician (b. 1863)
- September 14 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899)
- September 16 – Karl Buresch, 9th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1878)
- September 17 – Henri Louis Le Chatelier, French chemist (Le Chatelier's principle) (b. 1850)
- September 19 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
- September 21
- September 24 – József Klekl, Slovene writer, journalist (b. 1879)
- September 28 – William Sims, American admiral (b. 1858)
- September 30 – Friedrich Sixt von Armin, German general (b. 1851)
- October 2 – Juho Sunila, 2-time Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1875)
- October 3 – John Heisman, American football coach (b. 1869)
- October 6 – Gyula Gömbös, 30th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1886)
- October 8
- October 12 – Shuja ul-Mulk, Indian ruler (b. 1881)
- October 13 – John H. Hill, African-American attorney, military officer and school administrator, President of West Virginia State University (b. 1852)
- October 16 – Effie Adelaide Rowlands, British writer (b. 1859)
- October 19 – Lu Xun, leading figure of modern Chinese literature (b. 1881)
- October 20 – Anne Sullivan, American teacher of Helen Keller (b. 1866)
- October 26 – Rodney Heath, Australian tennis player (b. 1884)
- October 29 – Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (b. 1875)
- November 2 – Martin Lowry, English physical chemist (b. 1874)
- November 7
- November 11 – Sir Edward German, English composer (b. 1862)
- November 17
- November 20
- November 25
- November 27 – Edward Bach, British physician, homeopath and bacteriologist (b. 1886)
- December 7 – Jean Mermoz, French aviator (b. 1901)
- December 9
- December 10
- December 11 – Myron Grimshaw, American baseball player (b. 1875)
- December 18 – Leonardo Torres y Quevedo, Spanish engineer, mathematician (b. 1852)
- December 23 – William Henry Harrison, English cricketer (b. 1866)
- December 24 – Irene Fenwick, American actress (b. 1887)
- December 25 – Carl Stumpf, German philosopher, psychologist (b. 1848)
- December 26 – Percival G. Baldwin, American politician and businessman (b. 1880)
- December 27 – Hans von Seeckt, German general (b. 1866)
- December 29 – Lucy, Lady Houston, British philanthropist (b. 1857)
- December 31 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer (b. 1864)
- Physics – Victor F. Hess, Carl D. Anderson
- Chemistry – Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye
- Physiology or Medicine – Sir Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
- Literature – Eugene Gladstone O'Neill
- Peace – Carlos Saavedra Lamas