Congolese Americans

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Congolese Americans
Total population
+ 5,488 (2000 US Census)
11,009 (2006–2009 US Census Bureau est.)
Regions with significant populations
Texas (especially the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex followed by The Houston area,) North Carolina (epecially in the Charlotte area followed by the Raleigh area,) the Buffalo, NY Metropolitan Area, Iowa, Kentucky,

Other communities to be found in New York City, Washington, D.C.–Baltimore area, Atlanta, Tennessee,

Arizona,
Languages
American English, French, Lingala, Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Religion
Christianity

Congolese Americans are an ethnic group of Americans of descent from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Republic of the Congo.

In the 2000 US Census, 3,886 people of Congolese descent were reported. Another 1,602 specified that they were descended from people from Zaire and less than 300 people indicated that they hailed from the Republic of Congo. Rose Mapendo, who suffered as a result of the war, has helped 2,000 refugees to emigrate into the United States through the organization Mapendo International. So, further thousands of refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo have been able to come to the United States. In 2013, it was estimated that more than 10,000 Congolese refugees of DRC were living in the US.

As of 2015-19 the top 5 counties of settlement for immigrants from the Republic of the Congo were:

1) Dallas County, Texas - 2,000

2) Mecklenburg County, NC - 1,800

3) Tarrant County, Texas - 1,200

4) Wake County, NC - 1,000

5) Jefferson County, Kentucky - 1,000

For the same period, the top 5 counties of settlement for immigrants from the Democratic Republic of the Congo were:

1) Tarrant County, Texas - 1,800

2) Mecklenburg County, NC - 1,600

3) Johnson County, Iowa - 1,400

4) Harris County, Texas - 1,400

5) Erie County, NY - 1,200

History

Like other Central/West African groups in the United States, the first Congolese arrived as enslaved people to what is now the United States of America during the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Coming, at least, from the current Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congolese were imported to places such as Louisiana and South Carolina. They were most likely bought in Cabinda. Congolese voluntary migration to the U.S. began in the 1960s for educational reasons. Thus, the Congolese who came to the U.S. to study and got serve their "designations of origin". However, emigration from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the United States increased in the 1970s after discovering that the dictator of this country, Mobutu Sese Seko, had decided to choose the United States, among other countries, as a place of refuge. However, in the 1980s the first large wave of Congolese immigrants came to the United States for educational purposes. Although initially most of them had decided to return home when they finished studying in this country, many of them were forced to stay in the U.S. because of the worsening political and economic conditions in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The conflict increased in the 1990s, prompting a new wave of Congolese migrants in the United States as war refugees. Most Congolese who emigrated had to leave their homes due to war, leaving their families behind. Only a few families could migrate together. New immigrants belonged to different groups than the Tutsi (also known as Banyarwanda).


Demography

The Congolese speak English, French, and any of the several Bantu languages. So, the Congolese community from the DRC speak, in addition to English and French, languages such as Lingala, Swahili, Kikongo and Tshiluba. However, recent immigrants can speak less English than the earlier Congolese migrants. Because of this, it has been more difficult for recent immigrants to adapt to life in the United States; the earlier immigrants were better-educated. In addition, professional expertise and education that they received in the Congo are often not recognized by United States employers. Therefore, many educated Congolese have been forced to work in unskilled and low-paying jobs like dishwashing and taxi cab driving. Most Congolese are Christians.

The largest Congolese communities in the U.S. as of 2010 were Boston, New York City, and the Washington, D.C.–Baltimore area[citation needed]. There is also a significant population of Congolese Americans in the Charlotte and Raleigh areas, in of the state North Carolina,[citation needed] in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex (where live 3,500 people from DRC, mainly in Arlington, Bedford, Dallas, Euless, Grand Prairie, Hurst and Irving) in Ohio, especially around the Cleveland and Columbus areas and in Iowa, where the Congolese community of DRC this growing due to sending refugees (although quantitatively reduced in the last years). There is also a growing population in Portland, Maine.

Since 2001, many Congolese refugees of the DRC have been resettled in the United States. So, in 2013, it was estimated that more than 10,000 Congolese refugees of DRC living in this country, more than 3,000 of which arrived to United States in 2010. USA hopes to resettle other tens of thousands of Congolese more from the same country in the next 5 years. There is a growing Congolese refugee population in Memphis, Tennessee and other cities in the state. In Kentucky, thousands of Congolese have settled in Louisville and other cities. In Bowling Green, Kentucky, Congolese refugees already comprise a sizable proportion of the city.

Organizations

The Congolese Community of Chicago have as primary goal facilitate the integration of people of Congolese descent in the fabric of the United States while establish programs for give to know the Congolese culture.

Others Congolese organization in United States are Congolese Community of North Carolina-Raleigh (COCOMNC), whose goal is seek and establish programs that favor the development of Congolese children and his families living in the triangle area (Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill.) in the social, educational, cultural and entrepreneurial areas, Congolese Community of Houston, the charitable organization Congolese Community of Northern California Salem Gospel Ministries providing fellowship in the DC area and Congolese Women Association of New England, which aims to provide services to Congolese women of New England, including immigration counseling, job training, ESL classes and cultural practice workshops.

Notable people

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo

See also

Further reading

  • Beebe, Craig. "Congolese Americans." Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, edited by Thomas Riggs, (3rd ed., vol. 1, Gale, 2014), pp. 531–541. online

External links